The original ‘Heat and the City’ project (after which our research team is named) ran from 2010 to 2014 and examined the proposition that ‘cities’ were a missing level in energy policy, particularly in the UK. Decarbonisation was (and to a degree is) largely focused on two separate scales: large power generation initiatives, and building- or individual-scale change. We approached cities as an intermediary scale, focusing in on district heating as a potential infrastructure for low carbon, secure and affordable heat supply.

We used multiple research approaches to explore how district heating is being developed in the UK, what the implications of these patterns are, and what policy interventions could change these. These included interviews with a range of actors, including consultants, developers, local authorities, central and devolved governments, housing associations and financiers. We also worked with practitioner Michael King to convene a series of workshops with the District Energy Vanguards Network, which were of immense value to aiding our understanding and also provided a unique forum for experienced public sector officers to exchange knowledge. In addition we conducted a 10% sample survey of households on the Wyndford estate in Glasgow before and after their estate received an energy upgrade including a new district heating network, exploring impacts on energy bills, warmth, and broader issues about community and estate improvement.

The project recognised the multiple and contested ways ‘cities’ are understood, and followed the ways policymakers and practitioners conceived of the scale and composition of cities and district heating systems. Strikingly we found several different scales operative in practice and in debates. These scales worked together in some ways, but were in tension in others.

Heat and the City research produced a variety of academic, policy and practitioner oriented outputs which can be found below. We also produced a book drawing many of these facets of district heating together: Sustainable Urban Energy Policy – Heat and the City.

Heat and the City project

The application of a large scale open water source heat pump and thermal store within an existing combined heat and power (CHP) and district heating system
Feasibility study for Aberdeen Heat and Power, funded by Scottish Government Local Energy Challenge Fund

Michael Martin ( 2015 )

Report

Regulatory options for district heating in Scotland
Report to Scottish Government Working Group on District Heating

Ruth Bush, David Hawkey and Janette Webb ( 2015 )

Report

Sustainable Heating Provisions and Cities: Theory, Practice and Future Implications Workshop Programme
Event programme

( 2014 )

Agenda

Wyndford Estate District Heating
Draft case study for Scottish Futures Trust's district heating delivery structures guidance

David Hawkey and Janette Webb ( 2014 )

Report

Aberdeen Heat and Power Ltd
Draft case study for Scottish Futures Trust's district heating delivery structures guidance

Janette Webb and David Hawkey ( 2014 )

Report

Heat and the City: Exploring affordable, low carbon community heating in cold climate cities

Janette Webb and David Hawkey ( 2014 )

Report

Heat and the City Poster
RCUK Energy and Communities

Janette Webb, David Hawkey and Margaret Tingey ( 2014 )

Poster

Bringing Warmth to Wyndford: Does the new district heating make a difference?
Wyndford Estate Survey

David McCrone, David Hawkey, Margaret Tingey and Janette Webb ( 2014 )

Working paper

Scottish Government consultation on draft Heat Generation Policy Statement June 2014
Response to Consultation from Heat and the City

David Hawkey and Janette Webb ( 2014 )

Consultation response

“If it hasn’t been done in Aberdeen, it’s not worth doing”: governing change in urban energy in a northern UK city
Paper presented at LATTS, Universite de Paris-Est International Workshop on Urban Energy Governances North and South, Paris

Janette Webb ( 2013 )

Conference paper

Bringing Warmth to Wyndford: The experience of owner-occupiers
Wyndford Estate Survey

David McCrone, David Hawkey, Margaret Tingey and Janette Webb ( 2013 )

Working paper

UK Parliament Energy and Climate Change Committee in response to its call for evidence on Heat
Submission from Heat and the City

David Hawkey ( 2013 )

Consultation response

UK Parliament Energy and Climate Change Committee call for evidence on Local Energy
Submission from Heat and the City

David Hawkey ( 2013 )

Consultation response

Enabling Urban Energy? Governance of Innovation in Two UK Cities
Paper presented at International Workshop: From Networked to Post-Networked Urbanism: New Infrastructure Configurations, Autun, France

Janette Webb ( 2012 )

Conference paper

Multi Level Governance of Sociotechnical Innovation: The Case of District Heating in the UK
Paper presented at Jean Monnet International Workshop: The Governance of Innovation and Socio-Technical Systems in Europe: New Trends, New Challenge, CBS

David Hawkey and Janette Webb ( 2012 )

Conference paper

Bringing Warmth to Wyndford: Wyndford Survey Preliminary Results
Wyndford Estate Survey

David McCrone, David Hawkey, Margaret Tingey and Janette Webb ( 2012 )

Working paper

Organisational forms for district heating
Analysis of different approaches to establishing district heating as a sociotechnical system

David Hawkey ( 2011 )

Working paper

District Heating International and UK Case Study Selection

David Hawkey ( 2011 )

Working paper

Developing District Heating in the UK: What Works?

David Hawkey and Janette Webb ( 2011 )

Working paper

Heat and the City – Year One Key Findings

Janette Webb and David Hawkey ( 2011 )

Working paper

EU City Governance and Transition to Sustainable Heat and Power

Janette Webb ( 2011 )

Working paper

History of CHP and district heating in the UK (to the mid 1990s)
Background Paper

Stewart Russell ( 2010 )

Working paper
Academic Workshop on Sustainable Heating Provisions and Cities: Theory, Practice and Future Implications

Academic Workshop on Sustainable Heating Provisions and Cities: Theory, Practice and Future Implications October 2014

Workshop to examine the current state of social science knowledge about sustainable heating provisions in European cities.